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Kannur District

With the Western Ghats in the east (Coorg district of Karnataka State), Kozhikode and Wayanad district in the south, Lakshadweep sea in the west and Kasaragod in the north, Kannur district is bounded by a wealth of natural beauty. The District itself which shares much of this natural splendour has been a key contributor to the cultural, religious, political and industrial heritage of the State.

Kannur, the capital of Kolathery Rajas, the rivals of Zamurians of Kozhikode was a premier port of Kerala. The Portuguese factory built by Cabral in1501was captured by the Dutch in 1663. Around 1792 the British took over Kannur after the Mysore wars.

Known for its Handloom and Beedi industries, Kannur a coastal Districts of Kerala is of great historical importance. It was the capital of North Kolathery Rajas for many centuries. Marco Polo once referred to Kannur as great emporia of spice trade. In the 15th century with the arrival of Portuguese, Kannur came into the political limelight. In addition, Kannu enjoys the credit of having been the cradle of many a colourful folk art and folk music of Kerala.

Altitude:700 - 2100 m Above Sea Level
Temperature:(deg C) - Summer- Max 34, Min 22.5, Winter- Max 32, Min 24
Rainfall:284 cm
Best Season:October to May

Places of Interest

Payyambalam Beach
2 km from Kannur, this beach is a local picnic spot. 

Arakkal Kettu  
This was the residence of the former Arakkal Ali Rajas, the only Muslim royal family of Kerala. 
St. Angelo Fort 
3 km from Kannur. This seafront laterite fort was constructed in 1505 AD by the first Portuguese Vicerory, Don Francisco De Almeda with the consent of th eruling Kolathiri Raja. After chaning hands from the Portuguese to the Dutch and then to the English, the fort becaome one of the important military centres of the British in Malabar. The fort, which is now under the Archaeological Survey of India, offers fascinating views of the Mappila bay fishing harbour.

7 km from Kannur. The small town on the Valapattanam river is well known for its wood-based industries and timber trade. The port of Azhikkal and Azhikkal Beach are located nearby. Western India Plywoods limited, the largest wood-based industry in the country and also one of thelargest of its kind in South East Asia, is a major industrial concern here.

Kizhunna Ezhara Beach 
This beautiful stretch of sand is one of the most secluded beaches in Kerala. 

Meenkunnu Beach
Un crowded, the beach is a tourists' paradise, with golden sand and surf . 

Sri Muthappan Temple stands on the banks of the Valapattanam river. This pilgrim centre is famous for the Muthappan Theyyam performed every morning and evening. The DTPC provides pleasure boating on the river near the temple. Accommodation is available nearby. The Snake Park is the only one of its kind in the State and perhaps the whole of India. There are three snake pits, fifteen glass cases for snakes and two large glass houses for King Cobras in the park. Snake demonstrations conducted every hour draw large crowds of visitors. (Open 0900 - 1730 hrs everyday) There are frequent bus services from Kannur to Parassinikadavu. 

Dharmadam Island  
The small 5 acre island covered with coconut palms and dense bushes is a beautiful sight from the beach. Permission is required to enter this privately owned island. 
Muzhapilangad Beach 
Black rocks protect this long, clean beach from the currents of the deep, making its shallow waters a swimmer's paradise. Perhaps this is Kerala's only drive-in beach where you can drive down the entire length of 4 km. 

Gundert Bungalow
20 km from Kannur near Thalasseri town, on the National Highway at Illikunnu.
Dr. Herman Gundert, the revered German missionary, scholar and lexicographer lived in this bungalow for 20 years from 1839. It was here that one of the first Malayalam dictionaries and the first Malayalam Newspaper ­Paschimodayam - took shape. 
Trichambaram Temple
20 km from Kannur, near Taliparamba town on the National Highway. A sacred place of the Vaishnava cult, the deity of the temple is sre Krishna. The sculptures on the walls of the sanctum sanctorum are in a clas by themselves. The annual temple festival, usuall held in March, is a colourful event.
Thalasseri Fort 
The fort constructed in 1708 was the military centre of the British. It is now a historical monument. The SAI Gymnastic Centre, an old Muslim mosque, the Jagannatha Temple and Thiruvangad Sree Rama Swami Temple are other attractions nearby. 

Pythal Mala 
This enchanting hill station, situated 4,500 ft. above sea level near the Kerala - Karnataka border, is rich in flora and fauna. It is a 6 km trek to the top of the hills. 
Aralam Wildlife Sanctuary  
Elephants, sloth bears, sambars, mouse deer etc. can be found in the 55 sq. km sanctuary. 
Famous for its Anna Poorneswari Temple, the week long annual festival falls in April. There is a Kathakali-Panchavadya school called Asthikalalaya near the temple. 
There is a Siva Temple here on the banks of the Bavali River. Thousands of devotees attend the annual 27 day festival during May - June. 

This place in Payyanur is famous for its unique bronze lamps and sculptures.

Sree Ramaswami Temple, Thiruvangad 
This temple dedicated to Sri Rama is one of the most important temples in Malabar. The exquisite carvings in the temple are said to have been done nearly 400 years ago. 
Madayi Para 
The Madayi Kavu Temple, the Vadukunnu Temple and the 12th century mosque built by Malik bin Dinar with white marble imported from Arabia, are the major attractions here. There is also a dilapidated fort at Madayi which is supposed to have been built by Tipu Sultan of Mysore. The view from the fort is fascinating. 
Malayala Kalagramam 
This renowned centre for arts and culture at New Mahe, conducts courses in painting, sculpture, music, dance and pottery. 
Thodeekulam Siva Temple 
Located 2 km from Kannavam on the Thalasseri-Mananthavady road, this temple is famous for its mural paintings. It is believed to have been constructed 2,000 years ago and was closely connected with the Pazhassi Raja family of Kottayam (Thalasseri taluk). 
Pazhazzi Dam  
An ideal retreat for tourists, the damsite is famous for its scenic beauty. The DTPC provides pleasure boating facilities at the reservoir. Accommodation is available at the Project Inspection Bungalow and its dormitories. 

The beautiful beach here has a hillock nearby (286 m high). Carved stone pillars and an ancient burial chamber can be seen at the foot of the hills. The hills are noted for rare medicinal herbs. A Naval Academy is being developed here. Permission is required for entry.  

How to reach Kannur?

Air:Nearest Airport : Kozhikode.
Kannur is an important railhead of the southern Railways.
Road:An excellent road transprot system connects Kannu to all the major towns of South India.

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